SURVIVAL TIPS.

  • IS THIS A SAFE PLACE TO PITCH YOUR TENT ?

  • THE MOST DANGEROUS PLACE WE EVER CAMPED WAS ?

  • See picture above we found a nice flat campsite in the backcountry it looks ideal you might think !
  • It's as dry as a sun bleached bone, it's nice and flat too.
  • You will most likely be oblivious to the possibility that maybe 8 inches of rain is currently falling upstate it maybe 100 miles away up country & you're not even aware that where you're camping is a dry river bed.
  • Because in some cases it may have been dry for a decade or more, there may be some shrubbery growing in the old river bed that's disguising what it was some years ago, can be again in a very short time !
  • Don't be fooled by it's seemingly welcoming flat, pebbly or maybe sandy surface !
  • If you make this really bad decision to camp in a Dry River Bed it may well be the very last decision you ever make because on being woken up in the middle of the night, suddenly you could be violently thrown around inside your tent with possibly your family or friends, also tumbling around with you is boulders, debris like trees, branches including all your gear in your tent like you are in a violent washing machine that has no off button !...you think you are having a nightmare !...but your not dreaming !...this is actually a real nightmare experience, your still inside your tent not having a clue what the hell is happening to you.

  • These lucky backpackers said thankfully we were warned about this danger a few weeks after this picture was taken....Luckily they were never swept away, they said even though we did camp next to a dry river bed once we were "up on the bank" and watched later that night as it filled with water within seconds.

  • The lesson here is a simple one "don’t camp in dry river beds", no matter how tempting they seem !

  • Recently a Dutch touring cyclist was not so lucky. He lost his leg, and nearly his life, in a flash flood in South America whilst camping in a dry river bed.

  • IF YOUR STILL NOT CONVINCED OF THIS DANGER TAKE A LOOK AT "WORLDS DEADLIEST WEATHER CAUGHT ON CAMERA".

  • NEVER USE RIVER, STREAM OR CREEK STONES TO SURROUND YOUR CAMPFIRE !

  • WHY NOT ?...YOU MIGHT SAY !

  • Well this is another bad mistake made by many Newbie Campers, yes the river stones or rocks or boulders you may find in and around a river, stream or creek, which may have dried up ages ago, but still don't be tempted to use them around your camp fire, you might think they look ideal to surround your camp fire but again never be tempted to use them ,....yes they can be mostly rounded and nice, that's because they have been rolling around in a river or stream for a millennium, these river stones may be an ideal size too, nice & smooth on their surface, a perfect size you may think but don't be fooled they can be dangerous.

  • When River Stones get SUPER-HEATED by the CAMPFIRE they are surrounding they can "EXPLODE LIKE A HAND GRENADE".
  • It's because of the water contained within the river stone or rock you are actually superheating it with your camp fire, a wet rock or a rock with water contained within it when heated rapidly the water inside will turn to steam, creating intense pressure inside the rock, forcing shards of rock to break off or exploding the rock.
  • A Simple way to avoid this possible disaster from occurring is to avoid using them, just dig a fire pit, make sure your fire pit is not under any trees, the camp fire should be at least 15 feet(4-5)meters from your tent at least 15 feet from any bushes or trees clear the grass surrounding your fire pit, your vehicle ideally should be a bit further away maybe 20 feet (6 meters) just to be safe.

  • ALL INEXPERIENCED CAMPERS SHOULD READ THIS WARNING!

  • GRIZZLY BEARS.

  • Grizzly Bears or Brown Bears (Ursus arctos) are actually the same species, can be found in a wide variety of habitats including dense forests to sub alpine meadows, open plains, freezing arctic tundras in North America, Western Canada, Alaska, Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, including a small population in Washington. The grizzly bear population is estimated at 50,000 bears in North America.

  • Pictured above a man with a nice salmon he just caught and also a very hungry GRIZZLY BEAR.

  • IF YOU FOUND YOURSELF IN THIS UNENVIABLE SITUATION AS IN THE PIC ABOVE ?...WHAT WOULD YOU DO ?

  • TRY TO RUN AWAY WITH THE BIGGEST PRIZE WINNING SALMON YOU HAVE EVER CAUGHT ?...IF YOUR ANSWER IS ...RUN AWAY WITH THIS PRIZE WINNING SALMON !

  • BAD IDEA !

  • DON'T BE GREEDY THROW YOUR PRIZE WINNING SALMON TO THE BEAR !...HE IS MORE INTERESTED IN EATING THE SALMON RATHER THAN EATING YOU !

  • BUT IF YOU WERE TO RUN AWAY WITH THIS FANTASTIC PRIZE WINNING CATCH... YOU CAN BE ABSOLUTELY SURE THAT THIS HUGE BEAR WILL NOT LET YOU GET VERY FAR AT ALL....HE WILL CERTAINLY CHASE YOU DOWN.... ATTACK YOU TO GET YOUR PRIZE WINNING SALMON AS IT'S MOST UNDOUBTEDLY HIS FAVOURITE FOOD...YOU CAN'T OUTRUN A BEAR !...YOU DON'T WANT TO BE IN THIS SITUATION !


  • Shown above PORTABLE UDAP ELECTRIC FENCE, UDAP BEF BEAR SHOCK ELECTRIC FENCE, by UDAP.

  • Quality and safety tested for even the toughest environments.
  • Protect yourself and your family with quality UDAP products.
  • Covers up to 27ft. x 27ft. sq. area.
  • Runs on 2 D-cell Batteries (not included).
  • Batteries will charge fence for approximately 5 weeks (dependent upon weather).
  • This is a Must need tool for all campers and outdoor enthusiasts camping in bear country, a great way to protect your family even when your all sleeping.
  • Shown below UDAP BEAR SHOCK ELECTRIC MESH FENCE APPROVED FOR FOOD STORAGE.

  • Shown above UDAP BEAR SHOCK ELECTRIC MESH FENCE APPROVED FOR FOOD STORAGE.
  • Meets USDA Forest Service Recommendations, 3 weeks Continual Operation on highest output, Requires 4 D-cell and 4 AA-cell batteries (Not Included), Easy Set-up and take down.

  • WHY YOU SHOULD CARRY BEAR SPRAY.

  • Grizzly Bears can be extremely dangerous, you might be on a walk! The bear may charge at you! They don't need to give you a reason!...This is a serious threat warning you in no uncertain terms that your in his neck of the woods now! If your lucky he may suddenly stop charging at you for no apparent reason, simply walk away, instead of attacking you ! Now is your chance to go, change your underwear ! Because I know that's exactly what I would be doing !

  • MOTHER BEARS WITH CUBS.

  • If you find yourself confronted or near a mother grizzly or black bear with cubs, "DO NOT GET BETWEEN THE MOTHER BEAR AND HER PRECIOUS CUBS" The mother bear considers you as a major threat to her cubs, this can be a very dangerous situation as the mother bear will go to extreme lengths to protect her cubs this is when you should have BEAR SPRAY on your person ! "BE READY TO USE IT"

  • RECENT BEAR ATTACK.

  • Very recently in November 2018 there was the very sad news of a bear attack where unfortunately a mother, 10 month old baby daughter were mauled to death by a GRIZZLY BEAR in Northwest Canada while on a walk near their Yukon cabin, when the father returned to the cabin he was charged by the grizzly bear, it was reported that the father shot, killed the bear before he made the gruesome discovery of his loved ones.

  • DON'T MAKE EYE TO EYE CONTACT WITH THE BEAR !

  • If you see the bear before it sees you...Stand still...or you could try and scare it away you could grab 2 metal cooking pots or pans and vigorously bang them together very loudly to make enough noise until the bear hopefully is scared away by the loud noises !....also blowing your camp whistle may deter them too !

  • FEMALE GRIZZLIES weighing in at an impressive 400 lbs (180 kilos),even more impressive are the larger males coming in at around 800lbs (320 kilos)on average weight.
  • But back in 2001 one Large Male Grizzly was Killed in Alaska Weighing in at an unbelievable 1400 lbs (635 kilos), he obviously had plenty of good food available, that monster was shot several times before he was brought down, incredibly he measured an awesome 12'6" tall.

  • Shown above FRONTIERSMAN BEAR SPRAY is a vital piece of equipment when in bear country.

  • MAXIMUM STOPPING POWER – Maximum strength (2.0% major capsaicinoids) allowed by EPA and Health Canada – strength guaranteed by SABRE in-house HPLC lab eliminating the 30% failures experienced by other brands (Univ of Utah study).
  • GREATER PROTECTION AT A SAFE DISTANCE – 35-foot/9 m range (9.2 oz) with large barrier (up to 52 grams per second) for optimal protection.
  • Make sure you include Frontiersman Bear Spray as a standard part of your load out.
  • MAXIMUM COVERAGE – Rapidly delivers a heavy fog of spray for added defense. Accuracy and efficiency is improved helping you and your party stay safe.
  • ALWAYS WITHIN REACH - Keep it Immediately accessible via chest holster and easy to locate with glow-in-the-dark safety to ensure you have protection at your fingertips.
  • FIELD PROVEN EFFECTIVENESS – Field tested and proven effective by Elmendorf Air Force Base (Elmendorf, AK) and Brown Bear Resources (Missoula, MT). Frontiersman Bear Spray is effective against Black, Brown and Polar bears.

  • So would you go camping or hiking or hunting or fishing in an area where GRIZZLY BEARS call their home ?....no you might say ! but many people are very comfortable doing it just to get that wonderful outdoor experience of the fresh air, beautiful wildlife, scenery out there.
  • But many people do just that and put their families & friends lives at risk ! When they are not properly prepared to face the risks that can occur.
  • Your food must be stored "DOWNWIND" from your camp site, stored in a certified bearproof canister.

  • BEAR PROOF FOOD STORAGE CANISTERS.

  • Shown above UDAP NO FED BEAR RESISTANT CANISTER WITH BACKPACK CARRYING CASE INCLUDED.

  • Made by UDAP, the most trusted manufacturer in bear protection.
  • Quality and safety tested for even the toughest environments
  • Required in many national parks. Includes carrying case.
  • If you don't have your own personal BEAR PROOF FOOD CANISTERS ask the park ranger if they have bear proof safe food storage lockers available to use to keep your food safe from bears & also do they provide bear proof food waste containers available to use.

  • Shown above BEARVAULT BEAR RESISTANT FOOD CANISTER for Hikers, Backpackers, Campers, Clearview, Durable, Easy to Use, Bear, Wildlife & Rodent Resistant Cache All Your Scented Items, National Park Size: Select BV450 BV500 by BearVault.

  • Shown above FRONTIERSMAN INSIDER - THE NEW SHAPE IN BEAR PROOF FOOD STORAGE - Slim Ergonomic Design with High Capacity Storage - Easier To Pack, More Comfortable to Carry by FRONTIERSMAN.

  • SIZED FOR FAMILY USE OR EXTENDED HIKES, A storage capacity of 11.86L / 734.64 cubic inches that’s ideal for multi-day hikes with family and friends.
  • EASY & SAFE TO CARRY, Its ergonomic tapered shape provides greater space efficiency, fits inside backpacks, and assists with the hiker's center of gravity for better posture and more energy.
  • WATER-PROOF & SCENT-PROOF, An integrated pressure-release valve automatically regulates and adjusts air flow when the force of a bear is applied.
  • EASY FOR YOU TO OPEN, TOUGH FOR THE BEAR, It uses a malleable, no-break polypropylene material that can withstand 60 minutes of a Grizzly’s attempting to crush, break & open it. A locking mechanism that's easy for you to open, not possible for the bear.
  • TESTED & CERTIFIED, It was put through its paces at the Grizzly & Wolf Discovery Center (GWDC) in West Yellowstone, Montana by the Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee's (IGBC) bear-resistant products testing program.
  • CLEAR AND EASY TO USE: Where’s your breakfast? BearVault is transparent and has a wide opening so you can easily find and grab items, without emptying the contents onto the forest floor. The lid is rain-proof and tool-free lid: no fiddling or losing small parts.
  • GRIZZLY & BLACK BEAR TESTED: Keep your food and scented items protected from raids by bears, rodents, and other wildlife.
  • Tested and approved by Grizzly (IGBC) and Black Bear (SIBBG) Testing Facilities, a Bear Vault even survived 48 hours locked in a cage with two hungry black bears!
  • EVERY OUNCE MATTERS: This is THE lightest plastic bear container on the market, for its volume. This model stores approximately 7 days of food for one person – perfect for groups sharing food, or for extended hikes.
  • PACKS EASILY, DOUBLES AS STOOL: Oops – your pack is too full? No problem, the Bear Vault includes guides to strap it onto your pack. At camp, you’ll find your BV500 makes a perfect camp stool too, with a stable base and flat lid.
  • APPROVED CANISTER OF CHOICE: 9 out of 10 PCT Thru-Hikers use a BV500. BearVault is approved by all National Parks and all National Forests with canister regulations. For a safe outdoor experience, take a BearVault with you on the trail or while exploring in bear country.
  • For Long Distance Trails like the PCT - Pacific Crest Trail, JMT - John Muir Trail, AT - Appalachian Trail, and CDT - Continental Divide Trail, the BV500 is the ideal size.


  • Shown above BACKPACKER'S CACHE - BEAR PROOF CONTAINER.

  • Keep your food safe from wild animals.Our Bear Resistant Containers are top quality. They are expert tested (by bears)and have proven very effective in not only reducing odor transmission of the food inside, but also in keeping even the hungriest of bears out of your food supply. Discourages bears from raiding campsites. by Backpacker's Cache.
  • WAFTING FOOD SMELLS FROM YOUR CAMP.
  • If a bear or bears picks up the wafting scent of food or food waste even any unwashed dinner plates in the air emanating from your campsite he will most certainly head in that direction.

  • So DON'T ALLOW YOUR COOK TO WANDER AROUND THE CAMPSITE ALL DAY WEARING A FOOD TAINTED APRON.
  • This seemingly harmless act could lead to a fatal attack.
  • So keeping your food at least 150-200' away from your campsite this distance will help keep your food, family, friends safe.

  • CHILDREN WITH FOOD IN BEAR COUNTRY.
  • This warning might initially seem a little harsh but it could save you a lot of grief.

  • "DO NOT ALLOW YOUR CHILDREN TO WANDER AROUND YOUR CAMPSITE OR ANYWHERE CARRYING OR EATING FOOD" Doing this could end very badly.
  • Do not leave any food or food scraps or food wrappers laying anywhere around your campsite because if bears are in the area within at least 5 miles (8 klm) they may well be attracted by the lovely aromas of food emanating from your campsite.
  • Never wear clothes to bed that have had even the slightest bit of food spilt on them, wash them straight away or double zip bag them up, stow them away from your sleeping area.

  • CLEAN CAMPING SITE.
  • Always wash cooking gear utensils, plates etc immediately after eating your meals always double zip bag your food, scraps too.
  • Bears consider virtually any normal household item as food even though it isn't like "shampoo bottles, soaps, toiletries, sunscreen, bug repellant, trash, food crumbs, cosmetics, fuel so virtually anything you can buy or bring from home a bear will consider it as food".

  • A BEAR IN YOUR CAMPSITE.
  • If a bear does wander into your campsite, First of all you should have "Bear Spray" at the ready, carry it on yourself on a belt clip. Find out first hand from the experts on bear safety, bear awareness advice, have a good look at "Yellow Stone National Parks" website, get yourself educated on this issue & take serious note of their very good warnings with Grizzly Bears & the use of bear Spray !

  • If you come into view of a bear ?....what do you do ? RUN ?...No !...You stand your ground don't move !...I know it's the exact opposite of what you really want to do which is run but don't run !...if you do run your greatly increasing the risk of the bear chasing you down, attacking you, usually with a poor ending for the runner, you cannot outrun a Bear !

  • BLACK BEARS.
  • BLACK BEARS currently inhabit 41 of the 50 US states of America.
  • BLACK BEARS (Ursus americanusare) are the most common bears & mostly known to only attack if their young cubs are threatened ?....male black bears weigh in at around 315 lbs (150 kilos) females about 200 lbs (90 kilos).... but still there have been isolated cases of attacks when they have been surprised, there is still a risk you might want to consider if you have young children with you who may inadvertently wander off exploring & out of your sight while you are camping if you are not very vigilant !

  • MOUNTAIN LIONS.
  • The MOUNTAIN LION, also commonly known by other names including CATAMOUNT, PANTHER and PUMA, Plus many more in Native Languages, it's Native to the Americas. These Big Cats range from the Canadian Yukon to the Southern Andes of South America. An adaptable species, the Cougar is found in most American Habitat Types. It is the Largest Cat in North America.

  • Recently on 5/20/18 a Cougar Kills Mountain Bike Rider in Washington State.
  • Generally MOUNTAIN LIONS are not a danger to the public, are usually frightened off by people, their activities, if you do see a Cougar, firstly you should fell privileged to see one of these beautiful big cats in the wild, not in a zoo. But if you consider it may be a threat make a lot of noise to deter it from coming any closer.
  • But in isolated cases like these two Mountain Bike Riders in Outer Seattle in Washington State it was very unfortunate for them, one was mauled quite badly in the attack while the other sadly fell victim to the Big Cat.
  • The victims body was found in the cougars den, the cougar was euthanized, Authorities have said the cougar was emaciated possibly making it difficult to hunt it's normal prey, as people are a much easier prey.
  • This is the first recorded fatality in the State of Washington in more than a century, The attack on the riders occurred just after 11am that fact in itself is very unusual, cougars normally hunt at night.

  • SNAKE BITE.

  • If you or a family member are unlucky enough to be the victim of a snake bite the first thing you must do is keep the victim as calm as possible...sometimes this can be very difficult to achieve as the victim may be understandably absolutely terrified. Talk calmly to them reassuring them they will be okay.

  • Shown above RATTLESNAKE, many thanks to PIXABAY.com for providing the free photo.
  • If you hear the ominous rattle of a rattle snake while you are walking "stay still" and wait until the snake moves away from you remember the snake does not want to interact with you it just wants to get away from you !
  • Do not use a tourniquet this is an old technique no longer used that has been the cause of many people having the affected limb amputated, this is not a good outcome for the victim.
  • Put a pressure bandage around the bite area. Lay the snake bite victim down if bitten on the arm or leg place the affected limb below the level of the persons this will help to slow the progression of the venom travelling to the heart...Mark the bite area with a pen or similar.
  • Take note of the exact time of day. Put a splint on the affected limb, to try and immobilise the limb. If bitten on the finger quickly remove any watch or bracelets, rings immediately before swelling starts.
  • Whilst someone is calling the emergency rescue services, tell them what type of snake it was ?...take a photo if possible to show the rescuers without putting yourself in danger of being the second victim...is it a rattlesnake ?
  • Rattlers come in many varieties, are probably the most recognisable snakes in the USA...simply because of the rattling sound they emit from the rattlers tail when they feel threatened also you will see the rattle snakes tail shaking it to make the rattle sound. But there are many other types too.
  • If you can positively identify the snake type this will greatly assist the hospital & your rescuers by supplying you the correct anti venom serum...if you don't know the snake type you must describe the snake ie stripes or pattern, colors on the snake if the snake is still close by take a photo of it only if you can do this and not become the snakes second victim.
  • If your calling emergency rescue from your cell phone calmly tell them your exact co-ordinates by reading this info off your GPS if you have one available they will ask what is your exact longitude, latitude. This will greatly assist emergency rescue helicopter or vehicle to locate the victim as soon as possible, this quick and decisive action will hopefully save the victims live.
  • Do not wash the bite area, traces of venom may still be on the victims bite area, these traces may assist emergency rescue identify the snake.
  • Do not try to capture the snake.
  • Do not cut around or near the bite area.
  • Do not try to suck the venom out.

  • SNAKE BITE KITS.
  • Shown above SAWYER PRODUCTS B4 EXTRACTOR PUMP KIT.
  • Small compact, reusable vacuum pump helps remove poisons below your skin in 1 quick motion; use for snake bites, bee/wasp stings, mosquito bites, and more.
  • 4 sizes of plastic cups for use and effective suction on a variety of sting or bite sizes; pump is easy to use with 1 hand.
  • Eliminates the need to use dangerous scalpel blades or knives associated with less effective bite kits.
  • Kit includes Extractor pump, alcohol prep pads, adhesive bandages, sting care wipes, razor (for hair removal), and instruction manual.
  • Extractor most effectively retrieves venom from extremities and areas of body outside muscle areas; effectiveness varies with the location of the bite.

  • FIRE ANTS.
  • FIRE ANTS are extremely aggressive little individuals that you want to steer well clear of, they have a nasty sting and bite, they bite the skin first then sting with a stinger located in their abdomen, leaving the victim to discover the next day pimple like pus sores which are the sting sites, but not just one will attack you it can be hundreds of them attacking you.
  • Now these nasty little creatures can now be found across many southern States of the USA including Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North & South Carolina, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia.
  • So be warned keep an eye open for their nests it's a mound of crumbly looking soil 12 inches or so in diameter, 6 or 8 inches high they can get bigger than that too, so don't pitch your tent anywhere near them.
  • No doubt there are many other potentially dangerous animals, snakes & critters out there too numerous to mention that we have not included on this site so please be a little wary of any animal or insect you are not familiar with.

  • ENERGY DRINKS.
  • ENERGY DRINKS or some electrolyte supplement is good on hot hikes as a continual light calorie source and helps keep muscles from cramping.
  • Anything with caffeine is good in the morning to get you started for the day...But these drinks with high sugar & caffeine have been proven lately to be problematic for your health if used on a daily basis.
  • Don’t worry about gaining weight on a backpacking trip you can eat sweets fairly guilt free, particularly while on the trail.
  • The carb and sugar buzz will help you sustain energy, but too much sugar can get you nauseated, try to maintain a balance.
  • If you're used to a low-carb diet, you can get away with mostly protein and fats instead, but on the trail is not a place to try a new diet.

  • ALWAYS CHECK THE WEATHER FORECAST FOR STORMS, HEAVY RAINS.
  • Prior to leaving home you should always check the weather forecast in the area you intend to camp or hike for storms, heavy rain, high winds because the weather can be very unpredictable if nearby thunderstorms are threatening quite often lightning will accompany it!
  • But the real danger is the lightning it can be deadly dangerous !

  • LIGHTNING STRIKING.

  • FIND A SAFE HAVEN FROM LIGHTNING STRIKES ?
  • So if lightning starts striking anywhere near where your camping or hiking your safest refuge is a building or hut, may not be close by.
  • If your on higher ground on a ridge or hilltop you need to get to lower ground fast because lightning will strike at the highest point quite often.
  • If your in your tent get out because the tent won't offer any protection from lightning at all.
  • Your safest refuge is your vehicle a car or a suv or bus with a fully covered metal roof.
  • This is known as "FARADY'S CAGE" stay in your vehicle with the ignition turned off.
  • Keep your hands in your lap, don't touch door handles or anything metallic.
  • The vehicle will offer you very good protection from lightning strikes but never jump into a convertible or any vehicle with a canvas or ragtop roof because they don't offer any protection.
  • Stay away from tree's, metal towers, poles, fences, gates, even wet ropes or wet guy ropes these are the ones your tent is secured down with these will conduct electricity too when lightning strikes.
  • If your in a group of people spread out away from each other to lessen the chance of possible injury to the whole group.
  • In the unlikely event of someone being struck down by lightning spreading your group out this leaves people able to render assistance.
  • Call emergency services.
  • Dump your metal framed backpack you can get it later.
  • If your in an open area squat down low with your hands on your knees.
  • Not in contact with the ground, if your hands make contact with the ground you will be creating a circuit which is the very thing you want to avoid doing, you don't want to be standing in water.
  • Remember the 30/30 Lightning Safety Rule Go into a hut or shed if possible after seeing lightning.
  • If you cannot count to 30 before hearing thunder again you must Stay indoors for at least 30 minutes after hearing the last clap of thunder.

  • FIRST AID KITS.

  • Shown above EXCLUSIVE 250 PCS FIRST AID SURVIVAL KIT.
  • Contains a Military Molle EMT Pouch Uniquely customized by U.S military veterans, field tested by EX- Army Sergeant.
  • Designed to get you well-prepared in an emergency situation.
  • The kit combines 241 PCS First Aid Supply with 9 powerful Survival Gear into a Must-Have EDC emergency kit.

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